Ostrava has five new stolpersteine located in the Velká Street 12, and their overall number amounts to 60. The stolpersteine – cobblestones bearing a brass plate that are inserted into the pavement in front of homes of victims of Nazi extermination or persecution – were laid again by the initiator of the project Gunter Demnig himself. The stones belong to the members of the Kaufthal family – Hersch, Helena, Max, Alžběta and Alfred.
German artist Demnig laid the first stone on 16 December 1992 in front of Cologne City Hall. He lays them all over Europe until today. Since 2008, stolpersteine can be found also in pavements in Czech towns and cities. It is very difficult to find an apt and concise translation of the German word Stolperstein. It literally translates as ‘stumbling stone’, but in this case it is used in a rather metaphorical way and means ‘stone intended to trip-up the passer-by’. Most of the languages use the German term, which has been patented in Germany and in the European Union since 2006 and 2013, respectively. A stolperstein is a cobblestone-size (10 by 10 centimetres) concrete cube bearing a brass plate inscribed with a text saying: ‘Here lived…’ and listing a few data about the victim. Stones are usually inserted by the artist himself into the pavement in front of the victim’s last place of residence.